Orthopedics surgery is generally performed in an operating room setting under general anesthesia. Depending on the procedure, an operation may take anywhere from one to several hours. Operations require incisions, or cuts, to exposed damaged muscles, ligaments, bones, and joints. Sterilized surgical tools designed to scrape away or remove damaged bone tissue or ball joints are used during procedures. Following the procedure, wound areas are sutured with either a traditional surgical threads or surgical staples. Surgical sites may be wrapped or left exposed to facilitate healing. Swelling and bruising is common, following surgical procedures, but will be reduced through proper care and handling within two to three days.
Common knee surgery treatment or hip resurfacing procedure treatments help relieve symptoms and damage caused by rheumatoid arthritis and includes Osteotomy, where a deformed joint is surgically realigned, or a Synovectomy, where inflamed tissues that line the joint are removed. Such procedures heal relatively quickly and serve to alleviate pain and increase mobility in affected joints.