General surgery is a surgical specialty that focuses on abdominal contents including esophagus, stomach, small bowel, colon, liver, pancreas, gallbladder and bile ducts, and often the thyroid gland (depending on local reference patterns). They also deal with diseases involving the skin, breast, soft tissue, and hernias.

General surgeons may sub-specialize into one or more of the following disciplines:

Trauma surgery

Laparoscopic surgery

Colorectal surgery

Breast surgery

Vascular surgery

Endocrine surgery

Transplant surgery

Surgical oncology

Cardiothoracic surgery

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